The Dietary Screener in the 2009 California Health Interview Survey: Background
A new dietary screener was administered in the 2009 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). The 2009 CHIS screener asks respondents for information about how frequently they consume foods in 10 categories. No portion size questions are asked.
This screener does not attempt to assess total diet. The questions allow researchers to gather information about intakes of fruits and vegetables and teaspoons of added sugars. In addition, a question on frequency of eating fast food is asked. Fruit and vegetable intake is quantified using the cup equivalents metric, based on the US Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) MyPyramid Equivalents Database (MPED; version 2.0 for USDA Survey Foods, 2003-2004) and cited in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
The 2009 CHIS Diet Screener is composed of QA09_C13 to QA09_C21 of the CHIS 2009 Adult Questionnaire. In addition to variables for these questions, the following variables were computed:
|FRUIT||Unadjusted daily cup equivalents of fruits|
|FRIED_PO||Unadjusted daily cup equivalents of fried potatoes|
|VEG_OTH||Unadjusted daily cup equivalents of other vegetables|
|FV_NOBNS||Daily cup equivalents of fruits & vegetables excluding beans|
|FVNB2ADJ||Variance-adj daily cup equiv of fruits/veg excl beans|
|FV_NOFBN||Daily cup equivalents of fruits/veg excl french fries & beans|
|FVNFB2AJ||Variance-adj daily cup equiv fruits/veg excl french fries & beans|
|SUG_SODA||Unadjusted daily teaspoons of added sugar in soda|
|SUG_ENGD||Unadjusted daily teaspoons of added sugar in fruit/energy drinks|
|SUG_COFF||Unadjusted daily teaspoons of added sugar in coffee and tea|
|SUG_BEV||Unadjusted daily teaspoons of added sugar in all beverages|
|SUG_PAST||Unadjusted daily teaspoons of added sugar in pastries|
|SUG_ICRM||Unadjusted daily teaspoons of added sugar in ice cream|
|SUGAR2||Daily teaspoons of added sugar|
|SUG2_ADJ||Variance-adj daily teaspoons of added sugar|
These created variables are available on the CHIS Web site under "Public Use Data Files".
In CHIS 2009, we applied rules for excluding extreme data responses, described in Scoring Procedures. Scoring Procedures also describes the process of scoring the individual response data. A description and guidelines for the appropriate uses of the screener-estimated dietary intakes are found in Variance Adjustment. Validation results for the CHIS 2009 screener are presented in Validation.