Usual Intake of Total Grains

Table 20 includes the mean, standard error of the mean, and percentiles of the distribution of intake; Appendix Table A20 provides percentile values (rounded) and their standard errors.

Table 20. Total grains: Mean (standard error) and percentiles3 of usual intake, 2001-2004
  Age
(years)
N1 Ounce Equivalents4
Mean (SE)2 5% 10% 25% 50% 75% 90% 95%
Children 1-3 1515 4.3 (0.08) 2.43 2.77 3.40 4.20 5.11 6.00 6.58
4-8 1701 6.7 (0.12) 4.16 4.63 5.49 6.53 7.70 8.82 9.57
Males 9-13 1061 8.4 (0.20) 4.77 5.42 6.66 8.19 9.92 11.59 12.66
14-18 1424 9.0 (0.28) 5.18 5.91 7.19 8.78 10.55 12.25 13.34
19-30 1100 8.8 (0.21) 5.08 5.78 7.09 8.66 10.41 12.14 13.22
31-50 1466 8.4 (0.17) 4.74 5.42 6.66 8.19 9.87 11.54 12.58
51-70 1252 7.1 (0.15) 3.79 4.39 5.50 6.88 8.43 9.97 10.95
71+ 832 6.5 (0.11) 3.41 3.96 5.00 6.29 7.78 9.25 10.23
19+ 4650 8.0 (0.10) 4.27 4.94 6.19 7.77 9.51 11.24 12.34
Females 9-13 1112 6.9 (0.15) 3.76 4.34 5.40 6.71 8.16 9.57 10.44
14-18 1362 6.6 (0.13) 3.53 4.10 5.12 6.39 7.81 9.21 10.11
19-30 1324 6.8 (0.16) 3.70 4.27 5.31 6.61 8.06 9.46 10.36
31-50 1595 6.0 (0.15) 3.12 3.65 4.60 5.81 7.16 8.50 9.32
51-70 1284 5.6 (0.11) 2.85 3.36 4.29 5.44 6.75 8.04 8.88
71+ 860 5.3 (0.12) 2.63 3.11 3.99 5.12 6.38 7.62 8.44
19+ 5063 6.0 (0.09) 3.05 3.58 4.56 5.80 7.20 8.58 9.48
All Persons 1+ 17888 6.9 (0.06) 3.39 3.99 5.16 6.66 8.40 10.18 11.34
1: Number of persons in sample.
2: Standard error of the mean (df=30).
3: Standard errors of the percentiles are presented in Appendix Table A20.
4: 1 ounce equivalent = 1 ounce dry pasta, rice, or cereal (approximately 1/2 cup cooked pasta, rice, or cereal or 1 cup ready-to-eat cereal flakes); 1 slice bread; 1 small roll; 1/2 English muffin or bagel.

Table A20. Total grains: Percentiles (and standard errors) of usual intake, 2001-2004
  Age
(years)
Ounce Equivalents2
5% (SE)1 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE)
Children 1-3 2.4 (0.09) 2.8 (0.09) 3.4 (0.08) 4.2 (0.08) 5.1 (0.09) 6.0 (0.12) 6.6 (0.14)
4-8 4.2 (0.13) 4.6 (0.13) 5.5 (0.12) 6.5 (0.12) 7.7 (0.13) 8.8 (0.16) 9.6 (0.19)
Males 9-13 4.8 (0.23) 5.4 (0.23) 6.7 (0.22) 8.2 (0.21) 9.9 (0.21) 11.6 (0.24) 12.7 (0.27)
14-18 5.2 (0.26) 5.9 (0.26) 7.2 (0.26) 8.8 (0.28) 10.6 (0.32) 12.2 (0.38) 13.3 (0.42)
19-30 5.1 (0.23) 5.8 (0.22) 7.1 (0.21) 8.7 (0.21) 10.4 (0.24) 12.1 (0.28) 13.2 (0.32)
31-50 4.7 (0.14) 5.4 (0.14) 6.7 (0.13) 8.2 (0.16) 9.9 (0.21) 11.5 (0.29) 12.6 (0.35)
51-70 3.8 (0.19) 4.4 (0.18) 5.5 (0.17) 6.9 (0.16) 8.4 (0.16) 10.0 (0.20) 10.9 (0.23)
71+ 3.4 (0.14) 4.0 (0.14) 5.0 (0.12) 6.3 (0.11) 7.8 (0.13) 9.3 (0.19) 10.2 (0.23)
19+ 4.3 (0.14) 4.9 (0.13) 6.2 (0.11) 7.8 (0.10) 9.5 (0.13) 11.2 (0.20) 12.3 (0.25)
Females 9-13 3.8 (0.12) 4.3 (0.12) 5.4 (0.13) 6.7 (0.15) 8.2 (0.18) 9.6 (0.22) 10.4 (0.25)
14-18 3.5 (0.14) 4.1 (0.14) 5.1 (0.13) 6.4 (0.14) 7.8 (0.15) 9.2 (0.16) 10.1 (0.18)
19-30 3.7 (0.14) 4.3 (0.14) 5.3 (0.15) 6.6 (0.16) 8.1 (0.19) 9.5 (0.22) 10.4 (0.25)
31-50 3.1 (0.11) 3.6 (0.12) 4.6 (0.13) 5.8 (0.15) 7.2 (0.18) 8.5 (0.23) 9.3 (0.26)
51-70 2.8 (0.12) 3.4 (0.12) 4.3 (0.11) 5.4 (0.11) 6.8 (0.12) 8.0 (0.13) 8.9 (0.15)
71+ 2.6 (0.11) 3.1 (0.12) 4.0 (0.12) 5.1 (0.13) 6.4 (0.14) 7.6 (0.16) 8.4 (0.18)
19+ 3.0 (0.10) 3.6 (0.09) 4.6 (0.09) 5.8 (0.09) 7.2 (0.11) 8.6 (0.14) 9.5 (0.18)
All 1+ 3.4 (0.07) 4.0 (0.07) 5.2 (0.07) 6.7 (0.07) 8.4 (0.08) 10.2 (0.12) 11.3 (0.17)
1: Standard error of the percentile.
2: 1 ounce equivalent = 1 ounce dry pasta, rice, or cereal (approximately 1/2 cup cooked pasta, rice, or cereal or 1 cup ready-to-eat cereal flakes); 1 slice bread; 1 small roll; 1/2 English muffin or bagel.

Suggested Citation

Suggested citation for information contained on this page:

Usual Intake of Total Grains. Epidemiology Research Program Web site. National Cancer Institute. http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/diet/usualintakes/pop/2001-04/grains_all.html. Updated June 2, 2015. Accessed August 3, 2015.

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