Database of Standardized Questionnaires About Walking & Bicycling

Picture of people walking. Photographer: Bill Branson Picture of people biking. Photographer: Linda Bartlett

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items related to walking and biking. The items come from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items that assess duration and frequency of walking and bicycling. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

  • The researchers on this project compiled 113 physical activity-related questionnaires. Questionnaire type includes large questionnaires, government surveys/questionnaires, or epidemiological studies. They also include walking and biking items from published and printed PAQs or PAQs from agency websites.
  • A total of 83 validation studies, related to these PAQs, were compiled with information on author, date of questionnaire, methods, sampling, and summary results.

Summary of the Methods

The researchers used PubMed searches, snowball techniques, and consultations with experts to identify relevant questionnaires. They then used a combination of bibliographic tools and author contacts to find validation studies. This compilation is not based on a formal meta-analytic review; it is intended to be a robust sample of major instruments.


David Berrigan, Ph.D., M.P.H., Program Director, Health Behaviors Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences

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