General Considerations for Resource/Data Sharing

Current Policies in Effect

NIH promotes sharing research data broadly with other researchers through several data-sharing policies and resources.

For large budget research grants (those seeking $500,000 or more in subtotal direct costs in any one year), and or grants that include producing large-scale genomic data, the NIH data-sharing policies expect that NIH-supported researchers will share final datasets (or data used for the main publications). When the new NIH data sharing policy takes effect in 2023, these requirements may apply to a broader range of grants.

Large Budget Grants

To be compliant with NIH data sharing policies for large budget grants, the de-identified data may be made available in various ways, such as depositing the dataset to an NIH controlled-access database, securely transferring a dataset for analysis, or using an enclave model (such as a secure, access-controlled Cloud platform) for data access and analysis.

View specific requirements related to data sharing plans for large budget grants from NCI’s Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program (EGRP).

When considering how to share their data, NIH-supported investigators may choose to

  • Use an NIH data repository, and NIH will be responsible for sharing the data in accordance with the data sharing policies; or
  • Store their data locally and provide access to the data in accordance with NIH policies.

If investigators choose the second option, they must consider the long-term sustainability of data storage and the resources needed to respond to data access requests. Over time, the resources required to store data and to review and respond to data requests may become more challenging, particularly once the grant supporting the original research project comes to an end.

Additional Considerations

  • Regardless of the budget, projects that fall under the NIH Genomic Data Sharing (GDS) policy are expected to share data through an NIH-designated resource, such as the database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP).
  • Some Funding Opportunity Announcements have specific data-sharing expectations, such as PAR-20-294, Cohort Infrastructure and Methodological Research for Cancer Epidemiology Cohorts.
  • For projects which fall under an NIH data sharing policy, the project’s data sharing plan should address the specific requirements of th applicable policy.
  • De-identified data from human research participant studies are most often shared through a controlled-access model where qualified researchers may request data access to address specific research questions.
  • An example of a controlled-access database is NIH’s dbGaP. Some datasets may be truly “public” data sets, where anyone may have access to de-identified data.
  • Available public data sets can be found at
  • Data sharing plans will need to be submitted with the award application, in the grant application’s “Resource Sharing Plan” section.  For more information about required elements, additional tips and resources, visit EGRP’s web page on preparing data sharing plans for grant applications.

Need Help?

Investigators considering a grant application that falls within the scientific areas of interest of the Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program (EGRP), are encouraged to contact their scientific program directors in EGRP for advice on options available to them as they develop data sharing plans. Investigators who do not already have an assigned program director are invited to review the EGRP staff list to identify those with related scientific responsibilities.