- Research Resources
- Funding Opportunities
- Selected Projects
- Public Resources
- Workshops and Webinars
Diet, in all its complexity, is considered one of the major risk factors for cancer. The Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program's (EGRP) goals in this area are to increase the precision of dietary intake estimates by improving self-report of dietary intake and the analytic procedures for processing reported information. This work is designed to facilitate dietary monitoring and nutritional epidemiology efforts and to advance our understanding of the relationship of diet to cancer outcomes.
- Dietary Assessment Resources
Links to data collection resources and tools, food composition databases and diet analysis tools, and surveys and related resources for dietary monitoring.
NCI-sponsored Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOA) related to dietary assessment include:
- Diet & Physical Assessment Methodology - expires September 8, 2018
- Physical Activity and Weight Control Interventions Among Cancer Survivors: Effects on Biomarkers of Prognosis and Survival - expires September 8, 2018, unless reissued
EGRP joins with other NCI Divisions, Offices, and Centers and other Institutes and Centers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to fund grant applications submitted in response to FOAs. View the full list of EGRP FOAs.
Examples of current and past collaborative projects related to dietary assessment in which EGRP staff are involved:
- Dietary Patterns Methods Project
This Project compared key diet quality indices and their associations with cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality. It was initiated to strengthen the scientific evidence base on dietary patterns and inform the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
- Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study
NCI study is designed to look at the associations among physical activity, eating habits, weight patterns, hormones, and prognostic factors for breast cancer.
Significant past initiatives EGRP has been involved with include:
- Eating at America's Table Study (EATS)
Study, completed in 1999, that was designed to validate the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ), an improved food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed by NCI staff. The study examined not only the DHQ, but also two other widely used FFQs. In addition, within the overall study, investigators evaluated the validity of two new short dietary assessment instruments developed by NCI staff.
- Genes, Environment and Health Initiative (GEI)
The GEI was established in 2006 to lay a foundation for investigating the interaction between environmental and genetic underpinnings of human disease. The trans-NIH Initiative consisted of two major components: identifying genetic susceptibility factors for diseases that have a high public health impact and developing new technologies for accurate measurement of environmental exposures and lifestyle factors. This link provides more information about selected publications and studies associated with the exposure biology portion of GEI.
- Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition Study
NCI-sponsored study, completed in 2000, designed to assess dietary measurement error by comparing results from self-reported dietary intake data with four dietary biomarkers: doubly labeled water and urinary nitrogen, sodium, and potassium.
- 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) jointly publish the Dietary Guidelines every 5 years.
- American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR)and World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) Expert Report
Comprehensive report, issued in 2007, reviewed the existing scientific evidence on diet and cancer.
- AICR Continuous Update Project
Research reports published after the AICR/WCRF expert report that provide rolling updates regarding the link between diet and cancer.
- USDA's Nutrition Evidence Library (NEL)
The NEL evaluates, synthesizes, and grades research using rigorous and transparent methodology to define the state of food and nutrition-related science.
Workshops and Webinars
There are no upcoming events at the current time. Please check back.
- New Mobile-Friendly Dietary Assessment Tool (July 2016)
- Research Strategies for Nutritional and Physical Activity Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention Workshop (June 2016)
- Selecting Instruments for Diet and Physical Activity Assessment (December 2015)
- Dietary Measurement Error Webinar Series (2011)
- National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) Catalogue of Surveillance Systems Webinar (2011)
- Measures of the Food Environment Webinar (2010)
- Measures of the Food and Built Environment (2007)
- National Children's Study Dietary Assessment Workshop (September 2004)
For general questions about diet assessment and cancer, EGRP contacts include:
- Susan Krebs-Smith, Ph.D., M.P.H. - Dietary assessment methodology and monitoring, pattern assessment, multi-level risk factor assessment, dietary guidance and food policy
- Jill Reedy, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D. – Dietary assessment/monitoring, dietary patterning, food environments
- Amy Subar, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D. – Dietary assessment, ASA24, measurement error, food frequency questionnaires
- Frances Thompson, Ph.D. – Dietary assessment, short dietary assessment instruments, assessment of past diet, study design