ASA24® Respondent Nutrition Reports
What is the ASA24 Respondent Nutrition Report?
The Respondent Nutrition Report (RNR) provides feedback to study participants on how their reported intake compares to country-specific dietary guidance for calorie, food group, and nutrient intake.
A redesigned RNR was added to the US version of ASA24 in 2020. The redesigned RNR has new text and improved graphics. It underwent two rounds of user testing to ensure the information provided was useful and well understood. View abstract summarizing the RNR user testing.
How are ASA24 RNRs Generated?
The RNR is available to participants 2 years old and older in studies using the US or Canadian versions of ASA24. To generate an RNR for study participants, the researcher must select the RNR option available on the study details page in the researcher website. Also, respondents must provide their age, sex, and pregnancy and lactation status.
How a respondent views their RNR depends on whether they completed a recall or record:
- If a respondent completed a 24-hour recall, they view their RNR after reporting their intake, before they exit the ASA24 system. Researchers of recall studies can also retrieve the RNR from the researcher site.
- If a respondent completed a food record, the researcher must retrieve the RNR from the researcher website and, if desired, distribute it to the respondent.
Clinicians or researchers using the RNR with populations needing low sodium diets, or anyone interested in how sodium is captured in ASA24, can find more information on sodium measures in the ASA24 system in our Frequently Asked Questions.
What are the Sources of the Nutrition Requirements and Guidelines Used in the ASA24 RNRs?
The tables and graphs in the RNR compare the respondents’ reported intake to country-specific dietary guidance to give respondents an idea of how their reported intake compares to recommendations for their age and sex group. However, this is an estimate because respondents’ specific food, nutrient, and calorie needs are unique and are influenced by their height, weight, and how much they exercise.
For RNRs generated by the US version of ASA24, the calorie and food group recommendations come from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the nutrient requirements from the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences.
For RNRs generated by the Canadian version of ASA24, the calorie and food group recommendations come from Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide and nutrient requirements come from the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences.
Calorie targets in the RNR assume respondents have a moderate level of activity.
Calorie requirements vary widely for pregnant and lactating women based on trimester and other factors. As a result, the estimate for daily calorie goal in this report may not reflect actual calorie needs for pregnant and lactating women. However, the nutrient targets in the RNR reflect the increased requirements for pregnant and lactating women.
Respondent Nutrition Report Available in Multiple Languages
The RNR is available in English, Spanish, and French (Canadian versions only) for 24-hour recalls. For food records, it is currently available only in English.
ASA24 is a registered trademark of HHS.